Here we go again with more household tips from Mom, era 1960 and earlier. I love looking back at how people lived and learned years ago. Seeing some of their household tips gives insight into what life was like back in the 1950’s and 1960’s when I was young. And, needless to say, brings back lots of fond memories.
One of my favorite memories was helping my mom make Yule Logs and those little cupcakes that sat beside our fireplace in the winter. I loved to see the different colors of the glowing flames that made was one of the things that made Christmas such a special occasion. So I’m starting off this list was Yule Logs and King Alfred Cakes.
We think of today as being the day of the crafter, the DIY-er, the time of people being frugal and thrifty – but many of us were raised by moms and grandmas that went through the Depression and War years and have much more knowledge of living on a shoe string that a lot of us nowadays.
It’s good that so many people want to get back into being thrifty and are so fed up with prices today and products that are harmful that we’re anxiously engaged in learning to do like our moms and grandmas did (with some great improvements).
These are some old time home and household tips so what may have worked then, may not be the best or safest thing to do today. Take suitable precautions! Yet many of them aren't much different than what we could do today. These are written exactly as I found them - casual, simple - just as they came from the pens of those who wrote them.
So come with me as I wander throughout the days of my childhood, marveling at the cleverness of my mom, as I share more household tips from mom. I hope it brings back some great memories for you, too.
Do any of these sound familiar? Maybe you made Yule Logs, too.
Have fun on this trip down memory lane.
2 lbs. coarse salt
2 lbs bluestone
1 oz each of other salts for coloring
2 gallons boiling water
Mix the above ingredients together in a wooden pail. (The salt corrodes metal)
Roll up old newspapers and tie tightly. Place them in the solution. Allow to stand 2 weeks.
Remove and let dry on a rack for 1 to 2 months.
How To Make Chemical Logs for your Fireplace
1. No newspapers – only magazines or telephone books.
Roll into shape of log. Wire them well. Submerge in mixture of salt and water for 3 or 4 days.
Dry thoroughly before using.
2. Using newspapers –
4 lbs of copper sulphate or bluestone, as it is known by, 3 lbs of rock salt and dissolve in a gallon of water.
Stand for 2 or 3 weeks.
Let it dry thoroughly before using.
King Alfred’s Cakes
3 lbs bluestone
3 lbs coarse salt
1 oz strontium nitrate
1 oz calcium nitrate
1 oz potassium nitrate
1 oz borax
Paper baking cups
Melted wax from old candles or paraffin
Mix chemicals together in a cardboard carton. Line muffin tins with paper cups.
Put 2 Tbsp of chemical mixture in each paper cup. Fill with melted wax.
CAUTION: Melt wax over hot water, NEVER directly over heat or it WILL catch fire.
These cakes produce a colorful flame when burned in your fireplace.
NOTE: When mixing the ingredients, be careful not to pound them.
2 lbs coarse salt
2 lbs blue stone (copper sulphate)
1 lb borax
2 oz potassium
Mix in a cardboard box and MIX well. Spoon mix into paper cups and cover with a thin layer of paraffin wax.
KEEP DRY AND KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN.
When you want to use one just drop it in your fireplace among the logs.
To make a Decorative Christmas Box
2 cups Tide
½ cup Durham Liquid Starch
Whip to a stiff cream. Spread this on any shape box you choose. It will dry to a stiff hard finish in a few days. Before it dries, sprinkle it with gold or silver glitter. A little food coloring may be added to the frothy mixture for an added effect.
Candle Making Tips
To make a harder candle, add 1 lb of stearin (also known as stearic acid) to 2 lbs of paraffin.
A good way to make candle wicks is to twist together 5 or 6 strands of cotton string.
For a frothy candle, dip half the completed candle into wax that has been foamed up with an egg beater.
To color candles add tinting powder, first dissolving it in a little liquid wax.
Candles can be hand painted, by using the tinted wax and an artist brush.
Melted crayons are ideal for coloring hot candles.
To apply glitter, dip the candles in hot wax and roll in glitter sprinkled on paper.
Fill a clear glass vessel ¾ full with water. Add any vegetable coloring to get the shade desired. Then add:
1 teaspoon of citric acid
1 ½ teaspoon of baking soda OR
1 oz citric acid (2 Tbsp)
1 teaspoon baking soda
Into this solution drop a few mothballs. They will bob up and down as though dancing.
For a rose jar, (one purchases a jar at a china shop) take
4 oz. of orris root
3 oz of oil of cloves or bruised cloves
2 oz of gum benzoin
10 drops Oil of Cinnamon
30 drops Oil of Verbena
Having gathered fresh rose petals to nearly fill the jar, sprinkle some salt through them and leave to stand for a few days.
Then pour over them the above mixture.
It will perfume the air for years.
Gather one peck of sweet-scented rose leaves and spread on blotting paper in the sun. Sprinkle them with a pinch of salt.
Turn them each day while they are drying.
If you can obtain them add carnations, lemon verbenas and any sweet-scented thing.
When all are dry, put them in a jar and add 1 oz of each of the following:
Add a little bergamot.
Pour on this mixture an ounce of alcohol and a few drops of essence of rose and lavender.
Let the mixture rest in the jar for 1 week, during which time, stir several times.
Then put in rose jars.
Coal Flower Garden
6 Tbsp salt
6 Tbsp liquid blueing
6 Tbsp water
1 Tbsp ammonia water
Mix all together and then pour over a piece of coal, coke or broken brick set in a shallow dish.
Dabs of red or green ink or food coloring will give a lovely color effect. Make sure that the coal, etc. is dry. To prevent the garden going over the dish, rub the edge with a bit of Vaseline.
1 oz citronella
1 oz spirits of camphor
2 lbs Parawax
Melt together and then pour into a mold, putting a string through the center of the candle.
The following recipe can be used for preserving any flower, grasses and leaves.
Dissolve 1 lb of alum in 1 gallon of boiling water and cool.
When cold place flowers in solution and leave until the solution forms crystals on the flower, stem, and leaves. Remove gently and let drip for several hours.
Paint the stems and leaves with glycerine. Coat the “cat tail” with shellac or liquid wax.
Leave them on the vine until dry. When you cut them leave a 2 inch stem. Hang them up to dry ina a warm dry palce, but don’t force them to dry by putting themover a furnace, etc.
When completely dry varnish with shellac.
Stick cloves in an orange and roll in an equal portion of orris root and powdered cinnamon.
Wrap in paper for a week and then put in drawer with linen to dry.
½ oz cologne
½ oz alcohol
1 ½ oz glycerin
10 drops carbolic acid
2 ½ drams gum of powdered Tragacanth
Add one quart of softened rain water.
Shake well until dissolved.
1 lb espom salts
1 lb surf sea salts
1 tsp glycerine
1 or 2 drops of oil of roses or lily of the valley
Mix glycerine and salts in a large bowl. Then add a little coloring and perfume. Bottle.
These household tips from mom are for growing and gardening. A few recipes for getting rid of pests, like earwigs, but some helpful household tips from mom on how to keep some plants alive from year to year - and how to start new ones from cuttings. I remember the little back corner of our basement where plants and cuttings would over winter!
Summer Cutting: These are taken from shoots that have flowered that year.
The cuttings should be 4 to 8 inches long. Remove the leaves except for the 2 on top.
Leave the dormant bud, and can reap the and with a hormone to hasten root development .
Then insert in very sandy soil, shaded from direct sunlight.
Heat the soil moderately moist and set under a frame or in a greenhouse.
Place of fruit jar over the curtains and they will form roots in a few weeks.
July and August are best for summer cuttings.
Autumn cuttings: these are taken in October or early November and kept indoors.
These cuttings may be from 6 to 10 inches long and should be taken from well ripened flower shoots.
Cuttings are set in a trench with sand on the bottom.
Cuttings should be half covered with soil, set 5 inches apart, and furrowed in firmly.
These will root in a year’s time and bloom in two years.
Growing Avocado From A Pit
Use a four inch pot , which has had the drain hole covered with a few pieces of broken crockery . Fill the container ¾ full of good potting soil.
Place a thin layer of sand over the soil. The seed is planted with the pointed end up and then covered with sand so that about 1/3 of the pit shows above the sand.
For the next six or seven weeks keep the sand damp but not wet. After the leaves appear the plant should be transplanted to a rich soil.
Care Of Poinsettia Plants
As soon as it stops blooming, put it down in the basement out of any light. When it completely dries up cut all stems within 3 inches of the soil. 90 days before you want it to bloom bring it upstairs to a warm room and water occasionally.
Cover it at night or put it in a dark room so that it gets no incandescent light.
Care of Easter Lily
Wait until the blooms die completely. Then pull them off. Cut down to 7 to 9 inches and put down in your basement or somewhere where it is comparatively dark. Bring it out in November and repot.
The highest fragrance is present in the herbs just as the first flowers open. The lavender should be cut at noon or in the early afternoon on a sunny warm day. The easiest way to handle the cuttings is to cut each stem full length, putting them together in small bunches of about 18 stalks. If a large quantity is being cut for future use, place the stalks in wide mouth jars or cans (without water). These bundles can later be removed and spread thinly and evenly on trays, either slatted or wire, for drying.
This drying should be done as quickly as possible to retain fragrance, and is done by warm air circulation. Bleaching and loss of perfume result from sun drying. The ideal spot for drying is the sun porch, with the windows open, keeping the trays of lavender out of the direct sun rays. A small quantity may be hung in a warm airy spot in the kitchen.
To Change The Color of Hydrangeas
In the Spring, sprinkle with the following:
Blue – Alum
Pink – Saltpetre
White – Epsom salts
About 2 cups is sufficient around the bottom of each plant.
2 ox sodium fluoride
2 cups black molasses
10 lbs bran
1 gallon water
Mix and apply to areas where earwigs are making their appearance.
Solution for Killing Weeds
(particularly in driveway)
Mix 1 lb box of borax in 5 gallons of water. Spray on weeds until they die.
Mix 1 cup of pure soap with a bucket of water, add 1 eggcup full of coal oil. Spray on plants. Do not use detergent, as it will kill plants.
Lysol Treatment For Sweet Peas
Soak seeds in 1 gallon water and 4 tsp Lysol before planting. This is a precaution against thrips, etc.
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